Numerous drugs in use today are manufactured from raw ingredients initially isolated from plant extracts. Examples include drugs employed for analgesia, anticancer, antihypertension, anaesthesia, and antibacterial, among others.
Many industrial compounds are still derived from plants. These include such widely use products as India rubber, and in the food industry, numerous flavour and coloring agents such as the anthocyanins, isoflavones, flavonoids, and various terpenoids.
Biofuels are considered by many to be an important part of the long term solution to mitigate mankind’s dependence on fossil fuels. Biodiesel, bioethanol, biofuel gasoline, and many other products in development make use of the carbon fixation capabilities of plants.
Synthetic biology can be applied many different ways to agriculture, including in the development of novel plant-derived insecticides like the neonicotinoids and ryanoids, and in the improvement of beneficial soil microbes to further enhance crop productivity.